On December 6, FIA CEO and President Walt Lukken wrote an open letter to CFTC Chairman Christopher Giancarlo outlining concerns with the process in which cryptocurrency futures have come to market.
Dear Chairman Giancarlo:
FIA and its clearing member firms have noted last week’s announcements by CFTC-regulated
exchanges and clearinghouses to self-certify certain futures and options contracts on cryptocurrencies.
While we are firm supporters of innovation and competition in markets, we nevertheless believe that
such developments have brought to light concerns with the process in which these novel products
have come to market.
As the principal members of derivatives clearinghouses worldwide, FIA's 64 clearing members play a
critical role in the reduction of systemic risk by guaranteeing their customers’ trades, contributing to
the guarantee funds of clearinghouses and committing to assessment obligations during clearinghouse
shortfalls. In light of the CFTC and NFA’s public statements regarding the riskiness of the underlying
cryptocurrency products, we believe that the launch of new exchange-traded derivatives in
cryptocurrencies deserves a healthy dialogue between regulators, exchanges, clearinghouses and the
clearing firms who will be absorbing the risk of these volatile, emerging instruments during a default.
Unfortunately, the launching of these innovative products through the 1-day self-certification process
did not allow for proper public transparency and input. Under law, exchanges may self-certify a
product for trading by the close of business one day and then list the product for trading the next day.
This process does not require CFTC approval or input and allows little or no time for public review.
While suited for standardized products, this process does not distinguish for a product’s risk profile or
unique nature. We believe that this expedited self-certification process for these novel products does
not align with the potential risks that underlie their trading and should be reviewed.
Given the lack of historical data on these products, it is further concerning to clearing members that
they will bear the brunt of the risk associated with them through their guarantee fund contributions
and assessment obligations, even if not participating in these markets directly, rather than the
exchanges and clearinghouses who have listed them. A public discussion should have been had on
whether a separate guarantee fund for this product was appropriate or whether exchanges put
additional capital in front of the clearing member guarantee fund. This is one reason FIA has
advocated for proper “skin in the game” by CCPs to ensure that an appropriate level of risk is borne by
the exchanges and CCPs who unilaterally decide when and how to list and risk manage these products.
It is also our understanding that not all risk committees of the relevant exchanges were consulted
prior to the certification to launch these products. While this may not have been required technically
under the rules of the exchanges and clearinghouses, CPMI-IOSCO guidance1 as well as good
governance would suggest that risk committees be consulted prior to the certification of such
A more thorough and considered process would have allowed for a robust public discussion among
clearing member firms, exchanges and clearinghouses to ascertain the correct margin levels, trading
limits, stress testing and related guarantee fund protections and other procedures needed in the event
of excessive price movements. The recent volatility in these markets has underscored the importance
of setting these levels and processes appropriately and conservatively.
While we greatly appreciate the CFTC’s efforts to receive additional assurances from these exchanges,
we remain apprehensive with the lack of transparency and regulation of the underlying reference
products on which these futures contracts are based and whether exchanges have the proper
oversight to ensure the reference products are not susceptible to manipulation, fraud, and operational
FIA’s mission is to support open, transparent and competitive markets; protect and enhance the
integrity of the financial system; and promote high standards of professional conduct. It is in light of
these objectives that we believe a thorough discussion and assessment of risk between all industry
stakeholders would have been prudent to ensure the long-term success and viability of these products.
We look forward to a healthy public discussion on how to improve this process in the future as well as
the Commission’s continued oversight of these emerging instruments.
CEO, Futures Industry Association